
November 22, 2017, 2:15 pm, Johannes Alt (Vienna)
Local inhomogeneous circular law
The density of eigenvalues of large random matrices typically converges to a deterministic limit as the dimension of the matrix tends to inﬁnity. In the Hermitian case, the best known examples are the Wigner semicircle law for Wigner ensembles and the MarchenkoPastur law for sample covariance matrices. In the nonHermitian case, the most prominent result is Girko’s circular law: The eigenvalue distribution of a matrix X with centered, independent entries converges to a limiting density supported on a disk. Although inhomogeneous in general, the density is uniform for identical variances. In this special case, the local circular law by Bourgade et al. shows this convergence even locally on scales slightly above the typical eigenvalue spacing. In the general case, the density is obtained via solving a system of deterministic equations. In my talk, I explain how a detailed stability analysis of these equations yields the local inhomogeneous circular law in the bulk spectrum for a general variance proﬁle of the entries of X. This result was obtained in joint work with László Erdős and Torben Krüger.

8.11.2017, 14:00 st, Julien Sazadaly (Reims)
Quantum isometries of partially commutative spheres
Considering the framework of C*algebras, one can consider the generalization of spheres. Those one, introduced by Roland Speicher and Moritz Weber, may be endowed, first, with a structure of noncommutative algebraic manifold. As a result, one can compute the linear automorphism quantum group, acting by matrix comultiplication. In the case of partially commutative sphere, this group has been computed by Roland and Moritz (partially commutative orthogonal group). On the other hand, with a suitable definition which is a slight rewriting of Goswami and Bhowmick one’s (quantum group of isometries), we will endow those spheres with a « Laplaciantype » spectral triple, miming the classical Riemaniann structure. By using the toolbox grounded by Goswami and Bhowmick, it will also be possible to construct the notion of quantum isometry group. Then, we will show, by proving a link between the precedent « algebraic » result and the machinerie of quantum isometry group, that the linear automorphism quantum groups of the partially commutative spheres (partially commutative quantum orthogonal group) and their quantum isometry group are equal (this is a retailoring and a generalization of an earlier result, proved by Goswami and Banica).

8.11.2017, 15:00 st, Simeng Wang (Saarbrücken)
Unitary quantum groups and noncommutative complexe spheres with partial commutation relations
In a recent paper by Speicher and Weber, the noncommutative real spheres with mixed commutation relations are studied, and the associated quantum automorphism groups are computed. In this talk we will generalize these notions to the complex setting, and compute the quantum symmetries on the complex epsilonspheres.
 18.10.2017, Adrian Celestino (CIMAT, Mexico)
Zeit: 14:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
Cumulants in Free Probability of type B
Free Probability of Type B was introduced by Biane, Goodman, and Nica (2003)
in order to create an analogous to Free Probability Theory, where the lattices of
noncrossing partitions are replaced by the lattices of noncrossing partitions of
type B. In this talk, we will see how this was done by the authors. More specifically,
we will see how they use boxed convolution as a bridge between Cayley graphs of
Symmetric groups and Free Probability Theory. Then, replacing Symmetric groups
by Hyperoctahedral groups, they define cumulants of type B and a notion of free
independence which is characterized by vanishing mixed cumulants of type B
 11.10.2017, Mauricio Salazar (CIMAT, Mexico)
Zeit: 15:00 Uhr s.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
On the Rate of convergence for the Boolean and Monotone CLT
The Classical BerryEsseen Theorem states that the rate of
convergence in the Central Limit Theorem, on the Kolmogorov metric,
is of order 1/sqrt(n). An analogous result for the free CLT was obtained
by Kargin in 2007 for measures of bounded support, being the rate of
convergence also 1/sqrt(n). In 2008 Chystiakov and Götze improved that
result only requiring that the fourth moment exists. In this talk I will speak
about some results on the rate of convergence for the Boolean and
monotone Central Limit Theorems.
 11.10.2017, Tulio Gaxiola (CIMAT, Mexico)
Zeit: 14:00 Uhr s.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
Spectral Analysis of Growing Graphs and Quantum Probability
We talk about spectral analysis of large graph (or of a growing graph).
We show how different products of graph are related to notions of
independence. We also describe asymptotic distribution of distancek
graph of products. Finally we show how quantum probabilistic techniques
are applied for the study of asymptotics of spectral distributions
 14.06.2017, Amaury Freslon (Orsay, Frankreich)
Zeit: 14:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
The classification of twocoloured partition quantum groups
Building on ideas of T. Banica and R. Speicher, one can associate to a suitable
collection of partitions with colours a compact quantum group. This is a rich
source of examples which covers most of the quantum groups studied so far.
It is therefore an interesting problem to classify the objects arising from this
construction. Up to now, the strategy to prove classification results is to use
combinatorial arguments to list the possible sets of partitions, independently
of the associated quantum group. In this talk I will explain another strategy
relying on the representation theory of the quantum groups and replacing
most combinatorial arguments by algebraic computations in fusion rings. As
an application, I will give a classification of all partition quantum groups on two
slefinverse colours. Together with the works of M. Weber, S. Raum and P. Tarrago
this completes the classification of all partition quantum groups on two colours.
 31.05.2017, Raj Rao (Michigan, USA)
Zeit: 16:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 10, Geb. E2 4
Free component analysis
We describe a method for unmixing mixtures of 'freely' independent random variables
in a manner analogous to the indepedent component analysis (ICA) based method for
unmixing independent random variables from their additive mixture. Random matrices
play the role of free random variables in this context so the method we develop, which
we call Free component analysis (FCA), unmixes matrices from an additive mixture of
matrices. We describe the theory  the various 'contrast functions', computational
methods and compare FCA to ICA on data derived from realworld experiments.
 31.05.2017, Jonas Wahl (Leuven, Belgium)
Zeit: 15:00 Uhr s.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
Nonsingular Bernoulli actions and L^2cohomology
The study of probability preserving Bernoulli actions of
discrete groups has a rich history in ergodic theory, dating back to von
Neumann and Kolmogorov. However, as soon as one steps away from the
probability preserving case, the results on such actions are scarce in
spite of their prototypical nature. In fact, examples of Bernoulli
actions of type III have only be given recently by Kosloff and
Danilenko/Lemanczyk and only for the group of integers. I will present a
joint article with Stefaan Vaes wherein we prove the following
conjecture for almost all infinite discrete groups: An infinite discrete
group admits a Bernoulli action of type III if and only if its first
L^2cohomology is nonzero.
 20.03.2017, Mario Alberto Diaz Torres (Queen's University, Kingston)
Zeit: 16:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
Some remarks on the facets of secondorder free probability
Extending a phrase by J. Mingo and R. Speicher [1], free probability has at least
four basic facets: operator algebras, free harmonic analysis, random matrix theory,
and combinatorics. In this talk we will discuss some work in progress with Jamie
Mingo and Serban Belinschi concerning the random matrix theory and combinatoric
facets of secondorder free probability. As we will see, this approach may shed some
light on problems concerning the other two facets.
[1] J. Mingo and R. Speicher. "Second order freeness and fluctuations of random matrices:
I. Gaussian and Wishart matrices and cyclic Fock spaces." Journal of Functional Analysis, 2006.
 20.03.2017, Jamal Najim (MarnelaVallee, Frankreich)
Zeit: 14:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
Nonhermitian random matrices with a variance profile
For each n, let $A_n = (\sigma_{ij})$ be an $n\times n$ deterministic matrix and
let $X_n = (X_{ij})$ be an $n\times n$ random matrix with i.i.d. centered entries
of unit variance. We are interested in the asymptotic behavior of the empirical
spectral distribution μYn of the rescaled entrywise product
$$
Y_n = \frac 1{\sqrt{n}}σ_{ij}X_{ij} .
$$
For our main result, we provide a deterministic sequence of probability measures
μn, each described by a family of Master Equations, such that the difference
μYn −μn converges weakly in probability to the zero measure. A key feature of
our results is to allow some of the entries σij to vanish, provided that the standard
deviation profiles An satisfy a certain quantitative irreducibility property. This is a
joint work with Nick Cook, Walid Hachem and David Renfrew.
 14.03.2017, Jurij Volcic (University of Auckland, Neuseeland)
Zeit: 14:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 7, Geb. E2 4
Multipartite rational functions: the universal skew field of fractions of a tensor product of free algebras
A commutative ring embeds into a field if and only if it has no zero divisors; moreover, it this case it
admits a unique field of fractions. On the other hand, the problem of localization of noncommutative rings
and embeddings into skew fields (that is, division rings) is much more complex. For example, there exist
noncommutative rings without zero divisors that do not admit embeddings into a skew field, and rings with
several nonisomorphic "skew fields of fractions". This lead Paul Moritz Cohn to introduce the notion of
the universal skew field of fractions to the general theory of skew fields in the 70's. However, almost all
known examples of rings admitting universal skew fields of fractions belong to a relatively narrow family
of Sylvester domains. One of the exceptions is the tensor product of free algebras. With the help of matrix
evaluations we will construct the skew field of multipartite rational functions, which turns out to be the
desired universal skew field of fractions. We will also explain its role in the differencedifferential
calculus in free analysis.
 14.03.2017, Ken Dykema (Texas A&M University, USA)
Zeit: 11:00 Uhr c.t. Ort: Seminarraum 6, Geb. E2 4
Commuting operators in finite von Neumann algebras
We find a joint spectral distribution measure for families
of commuting elements of a finite von Neumann algebra. This
generalizes the Brown measure for single operators. Furthermore, we
find a lattice (based on Borel sets) consisting of hyperinvariant
projections that decompose the spectral distribution measure. This
leads to simultaneous upper triangularization results for commuting
operators. (Joint work with Ian Charlesworth, Fedor Sukochev and
Dmitriy Zanin.)
 22.02.2017, Konrad Schrempf (TU Graz, Österreich)
Linearizing the Word Problem in (some) Free Fields
We are interested in constructing minimal linear representations of elements in
the universal field of fractions (free field) of the free associative algebra (over a
commutative field). I will present a recent result which serves as a first step, namely
solving the word problem with linear techniques and discuss some open problems.
Since the factorization of noncommutative polynomials seems to be closely related,
I try to sketch a possible setup.
 08.02.2017, Mario Kieburg (Universität Bielefeld, Deutschland)
Zeit: 10:30 Uhr s.t. Ort: Seminarraum 8, Geb. E2 4
Products of Polynomial Ensembles
In the past years a revival of products of random matrices has happened. This is due to the exact
calculation of their joint probability densities of the eigenvalues as well as the singular values
at finite matrix dimension and at a finite number of matrices multiplied. One question remained open
why these exact calculations were possible. Kuijlaars et al. quite early identified a particular
structure of the joint probability density functions which all these example of products as well as
sums of random matrices satisfy. This class of ensembles is called polynomial ensembles. In a work
of last year by Holger Koesters and me, we showed that the joint probability densities of the
eigenvalues and the one of the singular values of a biunitarily invariant random matrix ensemble
(for example the Ginibre ensemble) are bijectively related. As a byproduct of this result we could
identify a proper subset of the polynomial ensembles. This set has the nice property that it builds
a semigroup with respect to the multiplication of the corresponding biunitarily invariant random
matrices and even has a semigroup action on the whole set of polynomial ensembles. I am going to
talk about the consequences of this observation and a first but failed approach to analytically
continue the number of matrices multiplied. I will also point out a way to circumvent the problems
arising in such an analytical continuation.
 01.02.2017, Sheng Yin (Universität des Saarlandes, Deutschland)
Rational function in strongly convergent random variables
In this talk, we want to show that for a strongly convergent sequence of random variables, the
convergence of trace and norm can be extended from polynomials to rational functions under
certain assumptions. Roughly speaking, it claims that the strong convergence property is stable
under taking the inverse of noncommutative random variables which have this property. As a
direct corollary, we can conclude that for any rational function which is welldefined at a tuple
of freely independent semicircular elements, we have the convergence of trace and norm of this
rational function in independent GUE random matrices to its evaluation at these semicircular
elements, almost surely. Such a result is expected in a recent paper by Helton, Mai and Speicher,
where they can calculate the distribution of a rational expression in noncommutating random
variables and their simulation indicates the convergence of corresponding random matrices should
be true.
 04.01.2017, Matthieu JosuatVerges (MarnelaValle, Frankreich)
Free cumulants and Schöder trees
It is now well established that free cumulants, defined in terms of noncrossing partitions, give a
combinatorial point of view on free probability. In the case of free cumulants of a single random
variable, we can alternatively use the Rtransform, an operation on functions that is essentially
the compositional inversion. In this work we give an extension of the Rtransform that covers the
multivariable case, using ideas coming the theory of operads, and an appropriate multilinear
extension of free cumulants. We get in particular new combinatorial formulas involving Schröder
trees rather than noncrossing partitions.
(Joint work with Frédéric Menous, JeanChristophe Novelli, JeanYves Thibon).
 04.01.2017, Guillaume Cebron (Touluse, Frankreich)
Stein kernels and the fourth moment theorem
We will review some functional inequalities which are useful in order to measure the closedness
of a random variable to the semicircular variable. It will allow us to give a quantitative version
of the fourth moment theorem of KempNourdinPeccatiSpeicher.
This is joint work with Tobias Mai.
